Early detection of localized colon cancer relapse using an AI-based predictive model

Creating predictive and prognostic biomarkers for patient stratification.
Application Oncology

The challenge

A prestigious Health Research Institute that has pioneered liquid biopsy analysis in colon cancer patients was interested in creating predictive and prognostic biomarkers to identify patients at high risk of relapse and predict the effect of adjuvant therapy.

Traditional methods of measuring and staging minimal residual disease (MRD) are invasive procedures. New prognostic biomarkers, such as liquid biopsy tests, even though they may improve MRD estimation, still provide limited sensitivity to identify patients at high risk of relapse.

However, the seamless integration of liquid biopsy with radiomics and deep features extracted from the CT scans (standard-of-care [SoC] data) could offer a new multi-omics tool to monitor and diagnose tumors at an early stage, providing relevant insights in the prognostic of relapse and patient outcomes.

The solution

Following a collaborative design, we collected retrospective multi-center real-world data (RWD) from a large sample of patients with confirmed diagnoses by traditional methods. The RWD included clinical data, liquid biopsy and SoC CT scans. A 3D segmentation of the tumoral tissue was performed, and textures, deep features, and fractal dimensions parameters were extracted. Once all these quantitative imaging biomarkers were obtained, several AI-based classification models were trained, combining these imaging features with liquid biopsy and clinical data to predict early relapse in patients and classify patients with low and high risk. The analysis pipeline generated was integrated into QP-Discovery® platform, creating an end-to-end AI tool.

The outcome

The innovative potential of this new approach conducted to three primary outcomes:

  1. The identification of the imaging signature for the early detection of relapse in localized colon cancer,
  2. The development of a stratification tool to differentiate between low and high-risk colon cancer patients,
  3. The creation of predictive models to measure the effect of adjuvant therapy that tests the antitumor efficacy of different agents, which will result in new exploitable therapeutic targets.

By merging clinical data with radiomics, fractal, and deep features, the AI model provided a high and increased accuracy of 95% (CI 95%: 85–100) when compared to clinical variables alone (55%, CI 95%: 32–78) in the prediction of relapse. A most accurate An AI-based model is expected to be obtained by combining radiomic features with RWD to predict potential patients to be relapsed, leading to the selection of personalized treatments that improve response over current standard therapies.